The growth of plants depends upon the nutrients present in soil. The soil structure and nutrients present in it affects the root growth as well as leaves and fruits. Hence, analysis of soil composition and plant is essential. The plant nutrients present in soil is basically nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P2O5), potassium (K2O), humus content, total CaCO3, available lime, organic matter, total sulfur (S), Sodium, micro nutrients. The characteristics of soil as well as growth of plants depend upon water absorption capacity, pH, density, etc. This content describes analysis of various prime nutrients. This unit also contains analysis of various fuels including coal. The NCV and GCV are also explained.

Free Radical Reactions : A radical is also known as a free radical. It is an atom, molecule, or ion that has at least one unpaired valence electron. Most organic radicals have short lifetimes and reactive. This course introduce students to the basic ideas about the types of free radicals in organic chemistry, generation, various free radical chemical reaction and factors affecting free radical reactions. 

Elimination Reactions:  A type of organic reaction in which two substituents are removed from a molecule. Students will able to know in-depth knowledge and advanced study of the various types of Elimination reactions and their characteristics.

The Highlights of this course is:

·         Basic concept about analytical Chemistry

·         Can help to  develop analytical skill

·         Sample preparation and handling

·         General Guidance for Sample Preparation

·         Types of analysis

·         Understanding and application of analytical techniques For sample analysis

Supramolecular Chemistry, a relatively new branch of chemistry, is the “chemistry beyond the molecule”, concerning the organized entities of higher complexity that are resulted from the association of two or more molecules/chemical species held together by intermolecular forces. While traditional chemistry mainly concentrates on the covalent bond(s), supramolecular chemistry examines the weaker and reversible non-covalent interactions between molecules. These forces include hydrogen bonding, metal coordination, hydrophobic forces, van-der-Waals forces, pi–pi interactions and electrostatic forces. The objective of this course is to acquaint the students with the origin and development of Supramolecular Chemistry and its application and reactivity in many diverse fields such as catalysis, transportation, self-assembly and devices.

Solvent Extraction is one of the widely accepted technology is being practised on clean extraction/Separation of metals from complex mixed aqueous system.

Natural molecule synthetic design using Corey's methodology.